Textual criticism and biblical studies in European philology from the eighteenth to the twentieth century


Junior Researcher of the Department of Literary Studies of the Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences


The progress of publishing and editorial activity in England began in the first half of the eighteenth century. As a result, scholars turned to previously unknown Latin and Old English literary works. The tradition of English textual criticism originates with R. Bentley. His methods influenced both English scholars, such as E. Wells, and German textual critics, such as K. Lachmann. Many seventeenth-nineteenth-centuries textual critics worked both with ancient and biblical texts. The connection between philology and theology clearly came to the fore in the nineteenth century. This review examines the approaches followed by scholars while editing the ancient works and the text of the Greek New Testament.


textual criticism; biblical studies; theology; Richard Bentley; Karl Lachmann; Lachmann’s method; Greek New Testament; antiquity.

DOI: 10.31249/lit/2023.01.02

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