The social paradigm of the nineteenthcentury Russian literature in the interpretation of American Slavic literary studies

Millionshchikova T.M.

Abstract

The subject of matter of this review is the American Slavic studies on the social paradigm of the nineteenth-century Russian literature. The most considerable research interests of American literary critics are concentrated on the works of A.S. Pushkin, N.V. Gogol, F.M. Dostoevsky, L.N. Tolstoy and A.P. Chekhov. The first to write about sociological method in the literary criticism in the West was H.A. Taine; since the middle of the nineteenth century the followers of K. Marx have maintained the same methodological position. The Slavonic literary critics analyze the contradictory relations between poetics and social themes in the nineteenth-century Russian literature. These researches based on the sociological theory reveal possibilities of different approaches (analytical Marxism, socio-psychoanalytical and sociocultural methods; «new historicism»; structuralism) in the analysis of the Russian literature.

Keywords

American Slavic studies; sociological theory of literature; socio-cultural literary criticism; Marxism; psychoanalytical method; «new historicism»; structuralism; poetics; realism; economics.

DOI: 10.31249/lit/2022.02.07

Download text